Final Exam - Make sure you have your code BEFORE class starts
BC Historical Road Trip - Due Mon, Jan 23 @ 3:00
Horizons p 272
Read Horizons pp 231-238, 272-275
a) With specific references to the immigrant groups in BC, assess the level of acceptance of other cultures in BC during the late 19th and early 20th Century.
b) From what you understand about the past and present, does racism today have the same underlying causes as racism around the turn of the 20th Century?
Vancouver History Tour - Name the location and explain the historical significance based on the reading.
Answer the Key Question: Who would you consider to be the "Father of Greater Vancouver"? Explain who and why the others shouldn't be considered the "Father of Greater Vancouver".
(Gassy Jack Deighton, Lauchlan Hamilton, David Oppenheimer, Richard Moody)
Read http://www.annexationbc.com/docs/AnxBC_WhitePaper_April_2009.pdf and write a response to the arguments of the Annexationists White Paper. Post your response here.
Read Kinahan Cornwallis', The New El Dorado; or, British Columbia - Chapter XVIII: Our Ascent of the Frazer
a. Describe some of the dangers shown in Corwallis’s anecdotes of travelling up the Fraser River.
b. How were aboriginals vital to the miners? (evidence throughout the story)
c. What does Cornwallis write that shows his attitude towards Americans?
d. Why can’t Cornwallis fully enjoy the nature and scenery?
e. Why do you think Cornwallis and his men were mining at every chance while his aboriginal guide gathered firewood? Why wouldn’t the aboriginals mine as well?
f. What made the miners leave their great find and move on up the Fraser?
Reap pp 213-218 in Horizons
Answer Key Question: Assess the significance of the Gold Rush to the development of BC.
Think you can handle the Cariboo Gold Rush? Give it a try here.
Edgar Fawcett's, Some Reminiscences of Old Victoria pp 29-31
a. What seems to be important to Fawcett? (what type of memories does he reminisce about?) Explain
b. What parts of Fawcett’s story would still be found today? Is there anything similar?
Read pp 210-212 in Horizons, use the Fawcett story and the textbook to answer the following question:
Describe the early days of the Colony of Vancouver Island politically, socially, and economically.
Finish the Oregon Territory Reading (from "con't" onwards) and read pp 206-209 in Horizons.
Answer Key Question: Do you agree with Canadian historians that the Oregon Treaty was not a fair compromise? Explain with reference to evidence from the reading and text. Post your answer here.
Northwest Rebellion Timeline:
Create a timeline that includes the following events:
For each of the terms on the left, state:
1) Title (where)
2) The date (when)
3) Who’s involved
4) What happened?
5) Why is it important (outcome)?
6) Relevant image
Northwest Rebellion Reading
Create a Part II to your Metis Comic that covers the same information as above.
Read pp 196-201 in Horizons and answer the following questions:
1) Why did MacDonald develop the National Policy?
2) List and explain each of the three parts of the National Policy. In each case, state why MacDonald thought it was important for the future of Canada.
3) Who did MacDonald get to invest in the CPR and what were their backgrounds?
4) What did MacDonald promise the Syndicate?
5) In order to get the benefits from the Government, what did the Syndicate have to do?
6) What did the Syndicate do immediately upon being given the railway contract and why?
7) Why was William Van Horne hired as the new manager of the CPR in 1881?
8) Describe the achievements of Van Horne’s management.
9) What problem did the railway face in 1883 and what was the solution?
10) Where did the CPR enter into BC?
Read pp 194-196 in Horizons
|Canadian Criminal Code: Hate Propaganda||
UN Convention on Genocide: Article 2
318. (1) Every one who advocates or promotes genocide is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
Definition of “genocide”
(2) In this section, “genocide” means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part any identifiable group, namely,
(a) killing members of the group; or
(b) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
How are Aboriginals doing today? (income, employment, education, justice?)
Create a case taht proves what Canada did to the aboriginals was considered genocide:
1) Copy and paste the sections of the Canadian Criminal Code and the UN Convention on Genocide from above into a Word Document.
2) Read the following articles:
3) Under each point from step 1, find evidence from the two articles that satisfy the points defined in the Canadian Criminal Code and the UN Convention on Genocide
read pp 174-175
Key Question: How would you describe (sum up) the federal government's policy regarding the aboriginals? Explain why.
*hint - what do you think the government is trying to do?
The Whiskey Peddler (pp 66-73)
Horizons p 174-175
Create 3 versions for the cover of "The Whiskey Peddler": a Canadian government issue, an American issue, and an aboriginal issue.
- practice perspective
- include the Jim Dobbs (Whiskey Peddler), the Mountie, aboriginals (optional since they're not in the story)
December 13: Effects of the Red River Rebellion
Read pp 166-173 Horizons
- What rights seemed to be protected under the Manitoba Act that made the Métis happy?
- Was PM Macdonald’s order for troops to ‘keep the peace’ in the transition period in Manitoba effective? Explain.
- What was scrip? Describe the two types of scrip issued to the Métis.
- Why were Métis selling scrip for less than the actual value of the land?
- How were land speculators using scrip?
- Where were some of the places that the Métis settled after leaving Manitoba in the early 1870s?
Imagine you are a Métis in Manitoba in 1871. You receive land scrip for 160 acres. You have no job and food is scarce. A speculator offers you $80 for scrip.
1. For each of the following options, give some pros and cons.
a. Accept the offer
b. Decline the offer
c. Hold out for a higher offer
2. Based on the above, which option would you, a Métis in Manitoba in 1871, choose? Explain your answer in full sentences.
1. Explain whether or not the Métis found a solution to their problems by migrating west.
December 12: The Red River Rebellion
1) Read pp 157-160 in Horizons
2) Define the following in relation to the Red River Rebellion:
a. Include causes of the Red River Rebellion (actions of the surveyors and speculators)
b. Louis Riel
c. Metis National Committee
d. William MacDougall
e. Fort Garry
f. Provisional government
g. Metis List of Rights
i. John Shultz
j. Donald Smith
k. Thomas Scott
l. Creation of Manitoba
3) With any program you choose, create a comic OR animation about the Red River Rebellion.
- look up images of the people to find ways to caricature the personalities.
December 9: Causes of the Red River Rebellion
1866 - Letter to HBC shareholders pp 34-36 from "A Million:" Shall We Take It?
Best Canadian City Challenge
1) Use the Canada Weather Office to find the data on precipitation levels and temperatures for each Canadian Provincial Capital for each month in 2010.
2) Use Excel to create climate graphs for each month in 2010 for each capital. Put it all in one file but separate the capital cities with the page tabs (name the tabs).
3) On your final page (page 14), calculate the yearly average precipitation for each city and graph it in a bar graph. Do the same for average precipitation (go above and beyond by graphing average highs and lows).
- see the population density map of Canada
- on the same Excel page, answer the following key question: Is there a correlation between climate and settlement in Canada? Explain why or why not.
As your classmates present, you will complete the following worksheet: Download BC Resource Map
Midterm Test - Canadian Social History of the 1800s & Attaining Responsible Government
Read BNA Act (p61-75) to find out what are provincial and federal responsibiliites.
Does the BNA Act give too much power to the Federal Government?
i. Think about what advantages this gives to the provinces in return
ii. What are the compromises?
BNA Act Pg 17-39 (only odd pages)
i. How many senators will there be for Canada in 1867?
ii. What 3 areas will senators be chosen from and how many from each area?
iii. List the qualifications of a senator.
iv. How do senators get their job?
v. What special power does the Governor General have in terms of the number of senators? What advantage would this give the Governor General?
vi. How long does a senator hold his/her position? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this rule?
vii. How can a senator lose his/her position?
viii. How will decisions be made in the senate? What happens if there is a tie? What do you think is the reasoning behind this?
House of Commons
ix. Describe the breakdown of House of Common Members in 1867.
x. Can you be a senator and an elected member of parliament? What Section explains this?
xi. Explain how the number of HOC Members will be decided upon if the population changes.
Does the government structure under the BNA Act give power to the voters? Explain with references to the Senate, HOC, and the Executive branch.
Post your answer.
November 10, 15:
- Cross Roads
- Uncle Sam Kicked Out
- The Situation (Miss Winnie Peg)
- Too old to be caught with chaff
- Cut her adrift how dare you
- Mother Britannia and Uncle Sam
- Uncle Sam and his sons
Other Primary Sources:
Secondary source readings on reactions from each province:
Collections Canada (use tab on the left for the 4 provinces and look for reactions)
Or go here
Pretend you are living in BC in 1867 and you are asked by James Douglas of the colonial government to report on how Confederation went because BC is considering Confederation itself.
In your report, discuss:
i. and describe, specifically, to 2 cartoons you’ve seen.
ii. the differing reactions from each province
- what is the problem with Confederation in each?
iii. One primary source quote from each province and what it shows us.
iv. Based on your findings, why would you recommend BC joining as well? Or why wouldn’t you recommend BC joining?
Pretend that you are a reporter for a colonial newspaper (you can choose which colony you're from). Your assignment is to report on the 3 conferences that led to Confederation as they happen. Include in your writing:
i. Introduce the event – make it sound grand, extracurricular activities?
ii. Pros or cons on Confederation? – your perspective so far
iii. Who are the delegates?
iv. What was discussed/agreed upon? Any problems that arise?
Ottawa Conference General Info:
Ottawa Conference Worksheets:
Ottawa Conference Colonies:
PP 103-104 Horizons
Using the evidence you found in class, explain how likely the British North American Colonies were to join together in Confederation.
Answer on Edublog Virtual Chan
Read Rebellion Losses Bill and pp 101-103 Horizons
Choose a side and answer on Edublog Virtual Chan: Who did more to set the foundation of Canada as we know it today, Lord Durham or Lord Elgin?
- answer by acknowledging what both did and then explain why one was more significant than the other
- be specific and show that you understand the readings
Using Timerime.com, create a timeline that includes the following information:
- Movement of troops to Lower Canada
- Beginning of the rebellion in Upper and Lower Canada
- St Denis, St Charles, St Eustache
- Montgomery's Tavern, Scotland
- American supply ship at Niagara
- Battle of the Windmill
- What happens to Papineau and Mackenzie?
Use the following sites to gather your information:
- http://www.edunetconnect.com/cat/rebellions/1837f04.html (very specific)
For each slide in your timeline, provide:
- a title
- event information into the small info box
- provide a relevant image with each event.
Read pp 53-55, 65-72 in Horizons
1) Create a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the problems faced in Upper and Lower Canada during the early 1800s.
Quality of Life Essay Assignment
Female Emigrants Guide 1854 - Preface and Table of Contents
Create a two column organizer to compare the roles and responsibilities of women in urban Canada and women in the fur trade in the 1800s.
To what extent have we retained the inequalities of the 19th century against women?
- Use the facts that you found in the readings as a point of comparison
Horizons Download P126-8_132
Guiding Questions for Aboriginal Fur Trade:
- How were Aboriginal people depicted in early accounts of the fur trade?
- What does newer evidence show to be more accurate?
- In what ways did Europeans adapt to Aboriginal economic traditions?
- Why did Europeans have to adapt to Aboriginal commerce?
- How would you characterize Cree and Assiniboine economic ability and methods?
- After 1670, how did the Cree and Assiniboine show their economic flexibility?
- How would you describe the Cree and Assiniboine inland trade strategies?
- How and why did the Aboriginal middlemen roles change in the late eighteenth century?
- How did the Cree and Assiniboine retain independence from European technologies?
Go to Fur Trade Stories, scan through the documents and find 3 paragraph quotes that either support or refute the argument in the "Aboriginal Fur Trade" reading.
AAME Website, go to
Read pp 321-325
1) What is the proportio nof Blacks to Whites in Windsor?
2) List the positive things the author says about African Canadians.
3) Explain what is provided for African Canadians in Windsor.
4) Read any two testimonies from any other part of the book and copy and past a paragraph from each showing that they enjoyed being in Canada. List the page number and the name of the person giving the testinmony.
5) Explain how the Underground Railroad is important to Canada's identity today. (What does it symbolize? What are some similarities between the Underground Railroad and immigration to Canada today?)
STATSCAN - Cultural Makeup of Canada
i. Where is James Wilson from?
ii. What do you think is his job? Give evidence.
iii. What happened that might be a foreshadowing of what was to come?
iv. What are the common themes in his entries?
v. How is his family?
vi. Why does he stop writing for a few days sometimes?
vii. What happened to the passenger’s luggage?
viii. What does his long description about food tell us about the trip? (what does it imply?)
ix. What does he think about Quebec? Do you think he is sincere? Explain.
x. What precaution was supposed to take place that Wilson ignored?
1) Read Download Irish Immigration
2) Complete Download Irish Immigration CCC Worksheet
1) What is the author’s warning to the reader?
2) What amenities are available at the fort based on the description of the buildings?
3) Why does the author prefer the winter? What are some advantages of the winter? Why do you think the author likes the winters in York Factory?
4) What evidence is there that the author enjoys staying at York Factory?
5) How would you explain this first scene as the author peeks through the window of the Bachelor Hall?
6) List some of the different occupations that are mentioned
7) Why did the men venture out? Describe their preparations.
8) What do you think the Aboriginals used the bits of wood for?
9) How many women were at York Factory?
10) When the author describes the Indian women, what does that tell you about his thinking?
11) Through his writings, what seems to be the main concern of the fur traders?
Read Horizons Download P44-50
- Analysis: What information can a textbook add that pictures have difficulty conveying? What information can pictures give that a textbook cannot? *use specific facts in the text and your analysis to prove your point
1)Ask a friend outside of class if they think racist jokes are ok and why or why not.
2) Do racist jokes perpetuate racism? Why or why aren’t they harmful? (refer to specific evidence in the readigs/videos - explain as if your reader has never seen or read what you have seen or read). Email your answer to Mr Chan. Be prepared to explain to the class.
Watch and read:
Where does our modern idea of class come from and what is it? Social Class
2) Ask a family member if they think that social class is a good or bad thing (you may have to explain to them)
3) Has the British creation of "social class", that is the foundation of our class system today, had more positive or negative effects on our world? - your answer must acknowedge and deal with the opposite point of view. Post your answer for others to see your argument. (optional - invite whoever you talked to to respond as well!)
Constitution Act 1791: http://www.canadiana.ca/citm/themes/constitution/constitution8_e.html
Responsibilities in the Constitution Act: http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=21241
Treaty of Ghent Perspectives:
You are a soldier who fought for your respective group, write mock journal entry about your feelings towards the Treaty of Ghent and the War of1812.
Guiding Questions for American Revolution Reading:
i. What are the causes of the American Revolution?
ii. What major city did the Americans take that the Governor of Quebec fled from?
iii. How did events turn around in favour of the British?
iv. Explain how the Canadians felt about the American Revolution.
v. To what extent is this event a victory for the Americans?
vi. What problems do you foresee coming out of the Treaty of Paris 1783?
Key Question (to be emailed in): Explain how close Canada was to joining America in the years surrounding the American Revolution. Write as if the reader doesn’t know anything.
1) http://canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/7._Wars_with_the_English_1685-1763#The_Seven_Years_War from “English Colonists Attack” to end
a. Read http://www.canadiana.ca/citm/themes/aboriginals/aboriginals3_e.html for just the Proclamation
c. How has the Seven Years War Affected Canada today? Answer as if your reader knows nothing.
North America Map http://etc.usf.edu/maps/pages/2400/2436/2436.htm
a. What year is this map showing?
b. What do the coloured areas mean? What do the lined areas mean?
c. Who has the most undisputed claims in Canada?
d. Who does Nova Scotia belong to?
e. Who does Newfoundland belong to?
f. Outside of Canada, where are France’s other claims?
g. Where does England have its undisputed claims?
1) Reading: http://canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/7._Wars_with_the_English_1685-1763 “The War Moves to North America”
1) Explain the territorial changes in Canada between 1689-1713 –( Must mention Acadia, Newfoundland, Quebec, Rupert’s Land)
1) Explain why it is or why it isn't important to define Canadian Identity.
2) Explain why it is or why it isn't important to understad Canadian History.
3) What else should Canadians have as part of their identity that isn't a part of it?